Posts Tagged ‘investment’
Government proposals to establish a guarantee fund for new mining investment to face the possibility of environmental damage would be a kind of “Seat environment,” to introduce the concept of solidarity in assuming the risks inherent in their activities.
The idea would be to cover unforeseen possibilities in the mine closure plan, or for any environmental liability sectors, such as those proposed by the executive director of the Peruvian Environmental Law Society (SPDA), Manuel Pulsar-Vidal.
He said the official newspaper El Peru no need to recognize that one of the basic principles in the development of human activity is solidarity. “It would be something like Traffic Accidents Compulsory Insurance (SOAT).”
“One of the major risks of driving a car is to have traffic accidents, and how to show solidarity with the victims is to provide insurance coverage. Therefore, all handlers are required to pay,” he said as an example.
He said that in the case of mining will look like this. “If we realize that an activity has a negative impact and we want to minimize, avoid or prevent them, it would be more appropriate to have the resources to reverse this situation.”
Pulsar Vidal noted that these funds should be handled with total transparency. “The constitution will go through the trust and management by an entity that cans public-private partnership,” he suggested.
He added that these resources should not go to the Treasury because it has a procedure that can be very tricky, because one purpose of the fund will be easy to implement.
“The idea is that the environmental problems of a quick solution can be implemented using the bottom,” he said.
Government intention to establish a contingency fund as an interesting concept but need more details of the proposal for a complete analysis and identify its impact on the sector, said President of the National Society of Mining, Petroleum and Energy (SNMPE), Carlos del Solar.
He stated that the best will request additional information from the authorities involved in this activity.
On the other hand, said he agreed with the message given by the President of the Republic, Lolita Humana, during the 5 the International Business Forum of China-Latin America, while emphasizing the need to stop exporting only raw materials (minerals) and passed to offer value-added products are more high.
However, he said that in the case of a large mining sector investment needed to take a big step. “We are on track to achieve, but it is a slow process.”
He stressed the need to attract new investment into the mining sector, which is required for stable and attractive conditions for investors.
Russia has begun to actively compete for seabed mineral resources. The International Seabed Authority (ISA) has approved a request by Moscow to conduct geological investigations in the sources of Kommersant Atlántico.Según sea, this is one of the largest untapped deposits in the world, copper and gold contents of between five and ten times that of landline. The project will be undertaken by the Geological Survey Expedition Polar and Marine Research Center VNII Okeangeologia, and has a budget of up to 43 million dollars over the next five years. Kommersant sources in the Russian government’s initiative shows that the Russian exploration of marine resources associated with a strong intensification of China in the same sector.
Russian Natural Resources Ministry announced on August 3, that the application for the exploration of mineral resources in the seabed was filed in December 2010 and approved on July 19 during a meeting at ISA headquarters in Kingston, Jamaica. In addition to Russia’s request, which was also adopted from China and Pacific island countries, Nauru and Tonga? This is the first time in history that the ISA authority without drilling in marine waters attached to the economic zone in accordance with specific circumstances.
Dario Vasilevskaya, deputy director of the department of state policies and regulations in the field of geology and exploitation of natural resources Natural Resources Ministry, told Kommersant that the contract with the ISA will be signed at the end of 2011 and will last for fifteen years, extendable to five. Explore the region that Russia has 100 blocks, each of 100 square kilometers and is located in the northern Cordillera Centroatlántica. Supplied minerals are found at depths of 2-4 kilometers. It is understood that Russia will have priority to exploit the deposits, according to the press service the Ministry of Natural Resources. The contract will last for two public companies: Prospecting Expedition Polar and Marine Geology Research Center VNII Okeangeologia.
According to information obtained by Kommersant, this exploration plans of one of the largest gold and copper deposits in the world, which is still unexplored. “In the land given to the Russians have found six promising sites. A rough estimate of the resources is between 50 and 70 million tones of dry ore body,” he told Kommersant Sergey Andreyev, deputy director of the department of geology and mineral resources Ocean World Okeangeologia VNII. “Keep in mind that the mineral content of rocks under the water several times larger than the earth’s surface.” According to experts, the average copper content in soil is 1%, while in submarine sulfide is given to Russia could be between 2.5% and 10% on average (maximum level is 30%) and a ton of rocks containing between 4 and 10 grams of gold. (17 g per ton maximum) If this assessment is confirmed, these resources will be comparable with those of the company Norilsk Nickel (Norilsk Nickel)… Read the rest of this entry »
Hand in hand with the demand for commodities from emerging markets, Latin America remains the world’s leading destination for investment in mineral exploration in 2010 and an estimated total investment in projects in this segment of the region’s economic reach in the period 2009-2015 more than 250,000 million dollars.
Mining in Latin America noted that the investment boom has made this sector, with renewable energy and wind power, in one of the most attractive for foreign investors. The latest figures announced by Metals Economics Group (MEG) World Exploration Trends in its 2011 (see attached), indicates that the area, led by Mexico, Peru, Chile, Brazil and Argentina, consolidated in 2010 as the goal of leadership in mineral exploration expenditure planned than other regions in the world have been able to win in two decades.
MEG report highlights that in 2010 there were 45% surge in investment in nonferrous mineral exploration, in response to rising metal prices and greater market stability. Thus, the amount of investment for mineral mining at 11,200 million dollars, a figure that rose to 12 100 million if the items are also contributing dedicated to finding uranium. Furthermore, “in 2010 gold is the ultimate goal of global exploration, with more than half the total budget, and the second copper,” reports Capital Madrid.
Five of the ten
Although Canada last year remained the largest destination as a place of exploration and mining investment, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Brazil and Argentina are among the top ten. Globally, a total of 2089 companies dedicated to candidates 11 680 million. These ten countries accounted for 69% of the total investment in the exploration and accumulation of the Latin America 27% (2.884 billion dollars). “In this region, investments will be concentrated (83%, 2.394 million) in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Peru,” said the portal.
According to figures from MEG, Mexico beat Peru in 2010 as a preferred destination for mineral exploration expenditure, standing fourth in the world and gets 22% of regional spending, primarily intended for the exploration of gold and silver. Andean countries, which fell from third to fifth, accounted for 20% of the investment. Chile moved from seventh to sixth place, with an investment of almost exclusively for copper. Brazil remains in ninth place in the world, with spending focused on nickel, copper, gold and industrial minerals. Argentina, with targeted investment gold, silver, lithium and potassium, moved to South Africa emerged as the most attractive location for mining tenth in the world. Colombia, without the typical department of mining investment, seen as it grew 65% last year. Read the rest of this entry »