Over the past century, world population quadrupled. This huge burden on the Earth, it is displayed only on climate change but also the scarcity of resources and energy. The great geopolitical power, aware of the increasing difficulty of access to natural resources, aimed at ensuring its supply of energy and materials. The growth in prices due to resource and energy shortages – such as minerals, metals, oil and gaz – produce geopolitical turmoil and a new boom in the extractive industries sector.
Between 1999 and 2006 the average price of crude metals trebled. Since 2005 the price of uranium has increased sixfold and the price of copper has doubled. Never before have large mining consortiums have had a very promising future.
During the last five – ten years, there have been almost all the conditions for rapid (re) territorial and economic colonization of the South, or that today is called the “second colonization” or “second gold rush “. Now, if economic entities, especially multinational corporations, have replaced the Western nation-states in their role as colonizers.
Globalization is the phenomenon of global integration faster and faster crecienda economic interactions, technological innovations, cultural influence and political structures. The neoliberal economic model appeals to states in the South to open their borders to direct investments by Western companies, often with the discourse of “free trade fair competition” and the idea that only foreign capital, technology and economy oriented export can help you out of the depression.
At the political level, international agreements, made possible by institutions like the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank have opened the way to free trade. In the economic sphere have also appeared significant changes in recent years have greatly facilitated both cross-border trade of goods and capital to search for large investments. With regard to infrastructure and reliability, the southern states have advanced, while wages remain extremely low. Raw material prices continue to rise and fight for concessions that create a climate in which competitors, literally, unfortunately, come to kill.
Today, millions of farmers access to agricultural land is the only source of income and power. Therefore, calls CATAPA against this alarming trend on the international agenda.